Intermodal Shift Example - Dacia Groupe Renault

Title: Romanian exports of car components using intermodal rail transport

Work Package 4 “Quality and efficiency increasing of logistic chains”

Action 4.1 “Transfer of best practice rail and inland waterway transportation”

Action 4.1.6 Romanian exports of car components using intermodal rail transport
Author: Dacia Groupe Renault, Mr. Florin Soitaru, RO
Date: 18/10/2012

Short technical approach description

Powertrain and Chassis Plant Dacia is one of the main component of the Dacia Groupe Renault in Romania. It is manufacturing rough aluminum foundry parts, machining and assembling engines and gear boxes; machining parts; assembling front and rear axles; welding of axles for Dacia’s range models and for Renault models manufactured worldwide.

In 2010, Powertrain and Chassis Plant Dacia manufactured:

  • 247,761 engines;
  • 560,342 JH and TL gear boxes;
  • 31,005 transmission shafts;
  • 13,474 tons of rough aluminium foundry parts;
  • 444,035 front axes; 363.847 rear axes;
  • 696,526 powertrain frames.

Inside the Dacia Central Logistics Direction there is Renault Industrie Roumanie – International Logistics Network (RIR-ILN) who is in charge for the export of components for the car manufacturing of 8 plants from 7 countries:

  • Plant Somaca (Casablanca, MA);
  • Plant Sofasa (Envigado, CO);
  • Plant Avtoframos (Moscow, RU);
  • Plants Iran Khodro and Iran Pars (IR);
  • Plant Ayrton Senna (Curitiba, BR);
  • Plant Mahindra Renault (IN);
  • Plant Nissan South Africa (ZA).

Dacia: Intermodal train route - Click on image to enlarge For the above destinations, the intermodal transport is used, starting by rail on the two routes Pitesti → Galati and Pitesti → Constanta, then continued by maritime transport.

The main reasons of modal shift are related to the economies of scale of their production in terms of both produced volumes and the export distances increasing.

Benefits for customers

In 2005, the board of Dacia Groupe Renault in Romania decided to shift to the rail transport mainly because of:

  • savings in freight costs;
  • increased volume of production;
  • improvement in internal company processes;
  • congestion on roads,
  • protection of the environment.

For final customer all the above issues are translated into a lower price for the product (whatever it is an entire car or different car parts or elementary components).

It is worth to mention that the company is continuos concerned about the environment protection and for this reason, more than 20 million EUR have been invested for environment protection research, technical and technologic developments.

Dacia: Intermodal train - Click on image to enlargeDacia: Transhipment - Click on image to enlarge

Facts & figures

Powertrain and Chassis Plant - Dacia Groupe Renault (

Str. Uzinei, 1,
Mioveni, Arges
Contact person: Mr. Florin Soitaru

Mainly, the used rail services have the following characteristics:

  • type of train: block trains;
  • specialized wagons;
  • average frequencies:
    • to Constanta Port: 1 train per day;
    • to France: 6 trains per week;
    • to Italy: 1 train per week;
    • to Germany: 1 train per week.

In 2010, the company invested for internal railways rehabilitation in Constanta Terminal and for manoeuvre locomotive acquisition.

During the same year, the company performed important shifting outputs, meaning the daily average of replaced trucks - about 360 trucks per day; they were shared by the production categories, as follows:

  • for the car exports and internal delivery: about 105 trucks per day;
  • for the car components exports and internal delivery: about 245 trucks per day;
  • for the iron plates provision: about 10 trucks per day.
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